Stone Mountain located in Georgia , is a quartz monzonite dome with an elevation of 1,686 feet (513 m) above sea level and 825 feet (251.5 m) above the surrounding area. Stone Mountain is well-known for its geology and for an enormous bas-relief on its north face, the largest bas-relief in the world. The carving depicts three figures of the Confederate States of America: Stonewall Jackson, Robert E. Lee, and Jefferson Davis.Stone Mountain Park, which surrounds the Confederate memorial, is owned by the state of Georgia and managed by the Stone Mountain Memorial Association, a Georgia state authority.
Stone Mountain located in Stone Mountain Park is a magnificent 600-foot granite dome that offers incredible scenery and is one of the most important attractions in Geogia.
The mountain is more than five miles (8 km) in circumference at its base. The summit of the mountain can be reached by a walk-up trail starting near the Confederate Hall. Also , the summit can be reached by the Skyride.
The top of the mountain is a landscape of bare rock and rock pools, and it provides views of the surrounding area including the skyline of downtown Atlanta, often Kennesaw Mountain, and even the Appalachian Mountains. The clear freshwater pools of the summit form by rainwater are home to unusual clam shrimp and fairy shrimp.
Stone Mountain is a pluton, a type of igneous intrusion. Primarily composed of quartz monzonite, the dome of Stone Mountain was formed during the formation of the Blue Ridge Mountains, part of the Appalachian Mountains.It formed as a result of the upwelling of magma from within the Earth’s crust. This magma solidified to form “granite” within the crust five to ten miles below the surface.
Stone Mountain Attractions
- Confederate Hall, operated by SMMA, is a museum that educates students and park visitors on the geology and ecology of Stone Mountain and historical aspects of the area.
- The Antebellum Plantation and Farmyard built between 1790 and 1875is an open air museum composed of 19 historic buildings.
- Crossroads including a modern 4-D movie theater, an adventure mini-golf course, a duck tour ride, stores and restaurants.
- Stone Mountain Laser Show Spectacular is a colorful lightshow of lasers projecting moving images of the Deep South and Georgia history onto the Confederate carving on the side of the mountain.
- The Skyride is a Swiss-built cable car to the summit of the mountain which passes by the carving on the way up.
- The Riverboat offers a scenic cruise on 363 acre (147 ha) Stone Mountain Lake.
Things to do
Test your fly-fishing techniques in more than 20 miles of designated trout waters. Visitors can also hike on 16 miles of trails:
- Walk Up Trail is a 1.3-mile (2.1 km) trail to the top of Stone Mountain ascending to a height of 1,686 ft (514 m) Spectacular panoramic views and cool winds await tired hikers at the top. T
- Cherokee Trail is a 5-mile (8.0 km) trail around the mountain base
- Nature Garden Trail is a scenic 0.75 mile loop trail through a mature oak-hickory forest community.
- Songbird Habitat Trails are 2 loop trails each running one mile (1.6 km) in length.
Designated as a National Natural Landmark in 1975, Stone Mountain offers 14,100 acres of mountain beauty and incredible opportunities for outdoor activities of all kinds.