Glacier Bay National Park located in Alaska , covers 5,130 mi² (13,287 km²). Most of the park is a designated wilderness area .
The park is best known for its massive glaciers, but is also an ideal destination for those who seek wildlife, kayaking, or simply a chance to get away. Glaciers descending from high snow capped mountains into the bay create spectacular displays of iceberg formation.
The marine wilderness of Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve includes tidewater glaciers, snow-capped mountain ranges, ocean coastlines, deep fjords, and freshwater rivers and lakes. This diverse land and seascape hosts a lot of plant communities and a variety of marine and terrestrial wildlife and presents many opportunities for adventuring and learning about this unique and powerful place. Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve includes nine tidewater glaciers.
Glacier Bay Climate
Glacier Bay has a maritime climate, heavily influenced by ocean currents. The result is mild winter temperatures and cool summer temperatures near sea level. Summer visitors can expect highs between of 50-to-60 degrees F. Unlike the areas at sea level, conditions in the mountains are more severe with colder temperatures and a lot of snow. The snow falling year after year that it’s creating the amazing glaciers we love to see.
Flora and fauna
Glacier Bay is blanketed by a mosaic of plant life, from a few pioneer species in recently exposed areas to intricately balanced climax communities in coastal and alpine regions. Since virtually all the vegetation in the bay has returned to the land in the past 300 years following the retreat of the glaciers, this area is one of the premier sites on the planet to study plant decolonization.
Wildlife in the area includes grizzly , black bears , moose , sitka blacktail deer , mountain goats , wolves , lynx , harbor seals , sea lions , dolphins , orcas , humpback whales , bald eagles , gulls and many other incredible animals. It is believed that nearly 200 species of fish may swim in Park waters.
The easiest way to reach Glacier Bay is by air due to the fact that there are no roads . Despite the lack of roads, there are over 300,000 visitors per year, most of them , on cruise ships. Most visitors are viewing the park from the water from the deck of a big cruise ship .
Hiking, kayaking, or camping are some of the things visitors love to do here in Glacier Bay National Park .Kayaking is a perfect way to get close to the park’s wildlife, with surprisingly calm, sheltered waters for those who aren’t experienced paddlers.