The Wembley Stadium or just Wembley, serves as England’s national stadium and is located in Wembley Park, London. The 90,000 capacity venue is the second largest stadium in Europe, and was opened in 2007 on the site of the previous 1923 structure
The stadium is the homeground for international matches of the England national football team and the English domestic cup finals. The stadium hosted the FA Cup, Rugby League Challenge Cup, National Football League and FA Community Shield. Besides football, Wembley can be configured to hold many other events, particularly major concerts.
At almost four times the height of the original, covering twice the area, and with 90,000 seats, the new Wembley Stadium is the largest covered football stadium in the world. The key feature of the new stadium is its partly retractable roof, supported structurally by a spectacular 133-metre-high arch. Dramatically illuminated at night, the arch is visible from across London.
The old Wembley Stadium
The old Wembley Stadium, stood tall as a standing memory of British sporting history until being demolished in September 2002. The venue was originally developed as the main attraction of the 1924 British Empire Exhibition. Construction work of old Wembley Stadium began in January 1922 and the stadium was inaugurated on 23 April 1923. Architects Sir John Simpson and Maxwell Ayerton designed the stadium, which had a capacity of 127,000.
FA Cup finals between 1923 and 2000 and League Cup finals between 1967 and 2000 along with seven European finals were held at the ground. The old Wembley stadium witnessed its home team winning the FIFA World Cup in 1966.
Design & Construction
Designed by Foster and Partners and Populous, it includes a partially retractable roof. A signature feature of the stadium is the 134 metres (440 ft) high Wembley Arch. With a span of 317 metres (1,040 ft), this steel arch is the longest single span roof structure in the world. To understand the size of the project, the stadium encloses four million cubic metres within the walls and under the roof. The construction required 90,000m³ of concrete, 23,000t of steel and 35 miles of heavy-duty power cable. Four thousand separate piles were used to form the foundations, the deepest of which was sunk to 35m.
The stadium roof rises 52m above the pitch and the circumference of the building is 1km. The roof structure covers 11 acres, four acres of which are movable. The 90,000-seat capacity makes it the second largest stadium in Europe next to the Nou Camp stadium in Barcelona with a capacity of 98,000.
The new Wembley Stadium had a cost of £798 million and was opened to the public on 9 March 2007. The all-seat stadium is owned by the Football Association (FA) .
Wembley Stadium Facts
- Location – London
- Built – 2003 , 2007
- Owner – The Football Association ( FA)
- Construction cost – USD $1.57 Billion
- Architect – Foster and Partners , Populous
- Capacity – 90,000
- Field dimensions – 105 × 69 m (344 × 226 ft)