Modern architecture, glass, building materials, geometric buildings and tech … come out every day in our way and it seems somewhat natural for them to be there. Their role is to remind us daily what century we are, but too little is a matter of inspiration for us. Maybe things will be different for future generations, as we sometimes we sigh in secret after the magnificent old buildings that reflect the culture and traditions so well in ages that have been raised.
We like to see them, admire them, photograph them, but most of all we are inside their imagination in an exercise designed to carry us to the dimensions of time lost. We propose a list of just some of the most spectacular castles of the world.
5. Hunyad Castle, Romania
The first mention of the castle dates from 1443 and appears in a document signed by John Hunyadi even that was kept until now. The first heir to the castle, John Hunyadi, begins around 1440 for upgrading and expansion of the fortress, giving him an impressive first appearance of medieval houses. Throughout its history, the castle had to have several owners, some of whom have tried to put his personal stamp on style. Castle has always been the first known owner, remains known for centuries as Hunyad castle.
The present form has been acquired over time, most owners intervene in one way or another, the plan. Construction was done in stages, each capturing the architectural styles of the period. In terms of style, the home influences are felt both German and French, as well as those of military origin, the most prominent being the gallery and tower Nje Bois (“fear not”), imposed parody name tint somewhat with mercenaries guarding castle.
Castle and passes through a second phase of construction, which terminate with the death of Hunyadi. In the next period no longer had to make significant changes to the prince Gabriel Bethlen, who begins a new series of changes imposed by civil and military reasons.
In the initial construction period plus another body, called the Palace from the great city, consisting of two levels. Gothic architecture of the stone is removed from the Hall, which has undergone a radical transformation during this period. Prince Gabriel Bethlen away, in part, elements of Gothic architecture, replacing them with those of French architecture, located in great demand at that time.
In pure military reasons, are now built two more annexes. White Tower to serve as a guardian of the castle, but at the same time was a strategic point of defense. The terrace was used for artillery fire heavy weapons. In the nineteenth century, the castle is undergoing a transformation of the third period, mainly for restoration and improvement works.
4. Malbork Castle, Poland
Malbork Castle was built by the Teutonic Order in Prussia. Marienburg was originally called, more precisely, Mary Castle. he town that developed around the building received the same name, but in 1945, returning in possession of Poland, Malbork was named.
3. Palacio da Pena, Portugal
One of the oldest buildings inspired by European romanticism, Pena National Palace was built on top of a hill located near the town of Sintra. On a clear day can be seen even in Lisbon. Built in the fifteenth century to serve as a residence, the castle was later rebuilt and donated to the church to serve as a monastery.
A strong earthquake in 1755 almost completely devastated. The palace had to regain grandeur in 1838 only after he came into possession of Prince Fernando, under whose protection has been started renovation work. Architecture is a mix between an original style ecletica and other adjacent romanticism-influenced, the bavarian style, plus an english garden.
2. Lowenburg Castle, Germany
In the nearby town of Kassel is high lofty one of the most beautiful medieval castles in appearance. However, Lowenburg or Lion Castle was built by order of Landgrave Wilhelm IX (1743-1821), a kind of Walt Disney of his era, who intended to show the new building from the start as a romantic ruin.
To be able to print the time on a construction dust still nonexistent, the manufacturer had to make a trip to England to study English style romantic ruins and set a model for future gardens. Currently, the “ruins” Lowenburg castle are seen as one of the first significant building in the neo-Gothic style in Germany.
1. Prague Castle, Czech Republic
One of the largest castles in the world (has 570 yards long and 130 feet wide), and, according to Guinness World Records, the largest castle of the old ones that were left standing. Prague Castle hosts a long history within its walls for many centuries. Czech Crown Jewels are stored in this location and even still here and most official ceremonies were held in local history. From Roman Emperors, the Czech kings, all grand chose this location for major events unfolding.
Story castle, certainly not in its current form, started somewhere in the ninth century, around the year 870. Throughout its existence, numerous owners, and times with their models, have made their mark on the “image” building. Tocmai aceasta existenta indelungata a facut posibila intalnirea intr-un singur loc a mai multor stiluri arhitecturale. More specifically, all the styles that were fashionable in architecture in the last millennium.
Prague Castle itself is a complex but include the Cathedral of St. Vitus, St. George church, a monastery and several other smaller palaces, gardens and guard towers. Most of the castles are open to tourist visits, and many were turned intomuseums, exhibitions regularly hosts unique.