The Eiffel Tower , located on the Champ de Mars in Paris , has become the most prominent symbol of both Paris and France. It is one of the most recognizable structures in the world. The tallest building in Paris, it is the most-visited paid monument in the world, millions of people ascend it every year. Named for its designer, engineer Gustave Eiffel, the tower was built as the entrance arch to the 1889 World’s Fair.
The tower stands 324 metres (1,063 ft) tall, about the same height as an 81-storey building. Upon its completion, it usurped the Washington Monument to assume the title of tallest man-made structure in the world, a title it held for 41 years, until the Chrysler Building in New York City was built in 1930. Not including broadcast antennas, it is the second-tallest structure in France after the 2004 Millau Viaduct.
The tower has three levels for visitors. Tickets can be purchased to ascend, by stairs or lift, to the first and second levels. The walk to the first level is over 300 steps, as is the walk from the first to the second level. The third and highest level is accessible only by elevator. Both the first and second levels feature restaurants.
The structure was built between 1887 and 1889 as the entrance arch for the Exposition Universelle, a World’s Fair marking the centennial celebration of the French Revolution. Three hundred workers joined together 18,038 pieces of puddle iron (a very pure form of structural iron), using two and a half million rivets, in a structural design by Maurice Koechlin. Eiffel was assisted in the design by engineers Émile Nouguier and Maurice Koechlin and architect Stephen Sauvestre. The tower was officially opened on 31 March 1889, and opened on 6 May.
The tower was much criticised by the public when it was built, with many calling it an eyesore. Newspapers of the day were filled with angry letters from the arts community of Paris.
* Only one worker was killed in building the Eiffel Tower.
* It was created to celebrate the anniversary of the French revolution.
*After the celebration it was saved from being demolished by being turned into a radio transmitter. As it has gotten older pavilions, an elevator, and other structures on the first and second floor. They have also added covers to protect people from rain.
*It is made of 9441 tons of steel. A total of 984 ft. ( 324 m) tall and has 18038 individual pieces. The iron used to make the Eiffel tower was made at the factories of Mr. Dupont and Mr. Fould.
* It is made of 4 base legs that are 80 meters apart from each other and are each 50 meters above the ground.
* The Eiffel tower has been painted 6 different colors in its history. All of the different colors were shades of brown. It takes 50 tons of paint to paint the Eiffel tower.
*A total of 50 engineers made 5300 blueprints. 121 workers worked at the construction site to build it.
Today, the Eiffel Tower has become a global icon of France. This Parisian landmark is one of the most recognized structures in the world and is the tallest structure in Paris, and with 200,000,000 having visited the Eiffel Tower since its construction, this monument is the most visited paid monument per year.
The festive atmosphere at the Eiffel Tower begins as you walk across the base to stand in line for tickets. Everywhere, souvenir vendors are hawking their wares, tourists are snapping photos and crowds are gathering
There are three separate floors to the Eiffel Tower, each offering something different for visitors. Unless you’re in amazing physical shape, or have a penchant for stairs, take the elevator to the first floor You’ll find several exhibits, including an original section of the spiral staircase used by Gustave Eiffel . New technology enhances experiences at the Cineiffel, complete with an electronic telescope and a cinema tracing the history and events involving the Tower. The Feroscope utilizes interactive videos, light shows and special glasses to tour the technical aspects of the construction.
The second floor also has the Visitors Galaxy where the robot, Alias, helps visitors built a virtual Eiffel Tower. The upper level of this floor offers a good view of the city and the lower level has animated window scenes.
A panoramic, double set of elevators takes visitors to the top of the Eiffel Tower.
There are buffets on the ground level, level one and level two, the Altitude 95 restaurant is on the first floor and the Jules Verne restaurant for fine dining on the second floor is reached via private elevator. You’ll find an exchange bureau and tourist office on the ground level and shops on levels one and two