Statue of Liberty ,the symbol of freedom is located in New York . The colossal sculpture stands at 151 feet (46 meters) tall (305 feet including base and pedestal) on Liberty Island and is one of the most recognizable statues all over the world .
Statue of Liberty was designed by Frédéric Bartholdi and dedicated on October 28, 1886. The statue, a gift to the United States from the people of France, is of a robed female figure representing Libertas, the Roman goddess of freedom, who bears a torch and a tabula ansata (a tablet evoking the law) upon which is inscribed the date of the American Declaration of Independence “July 4, 1776″ , the day when United States declared its independence from England. A broken chain ,symbolizing the chains of tyranny , lies at her feet. The crown of Lady Liberty, as the statue is often affectionately called, has seven spikes, symbolizing the Seven Seas across which liberty should be spread. The statue has become an iconic symbol of freedom and of the United States of America .
Near the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor is Ellis Island. This island served as an immigrant station and a temporary shelter for people coming to the U.S. from other countries. Between 1892 and 1954, approximately 12 million people passed through Ellis Island seeking refuge, freedom and opportunity. The main building on Ellis Island is now a museum dedicated to the history of the Ellis Island Immigration Station.
Statue of Liberty was made in Paris by the French sculptor Bartholdi, in collaboration with Gustave Eiffel , better known as the man behind the Eiffel Tower in Paris . Thanks to an ingenious construction consisting of copper plates attached to the metal framework, the statue is flexible enough to withstand heavy storms. Large iron bars attach the framework to a central pylon.
It took nine years before it was completed in 1884 after which it was sent to the USA in 214 crates. Even before the arrival of the statue, Bartholdi himself had traveled to the Unites States to discuss the location of the statue with president Ulysses S. Grant. Eventually it was decided to put the statue at a small island in the harbor of New York City. Today the island is known as Liberty Island.
The biggest and most embarrassing problem was the construction of the pedestal, which had to be paid for by the Americans themselves.
The statue’s torch was displayed in Madison Square Park for six years, from 1876 until 1882 , in an attempt to spark interest and attract funds. But it was only after publisher Joseph Pulitzer published the names of those who donated money for the project that the funds started flowing in. Eventually, the statue was erected 10 years late, in 1886, when it was officially inaugurated by president Grover Cleveland.
The Statue of Liberty was closed to visitors following September 11, 2001, but Liberty Island was reopened on December 20, 2001. The Promenade and Observatory were reopened to visitors beginning August 3, 2004 by reserved ticket only. On July 4, 2009 the Crown was once again made accessible to visitors.
There are a number of different ticket options available for visiting the Statue of Liberty, and they can be purchased through Statue Cruises. They include reserve with crown, reserve with pedestal/museum, reserve and flex tickets. The type of ticket determines what can be visited including the crown, observation pedestal deck and museum . Along with these tickets, people can also choose to have an audio tour, but this costs extra.
Statue of Liberty , standing at the entrance to New York Harbour, it has welcomed millions of immigrants to the United States ever since with the promise of democracy , justice , and last but not least , freedom .