Red Square in Moscow is flanked by some of the city most famous tourist attractions . The square itself is around 330 meters (1100 ft) long and 70 meters (230 ft) wide.
Moscow’s famous Red Square earned its name not from the red walls of the Kremlin, or for the traditional color of communism , but from the Russian meaning of the word which is : “beautiful”.
The oldest and most famous square is home of the city’s best known landmarks the Kremlin, St. Basil’s Cathedral and Lenin’s Mausoleum. Also visitors can easily find here GUM Department Store , Kazan Cathedral , National Historical Museum and the 1990s replica of the Resurrection Gate
The only sculptured monument on the square is a bronze statue of Kuzma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky, who helped to clear Moscow from the Polish invaders in 1612, during the Times of Trouble.
The square first came into being at the end of the 15th century during the reign of Ivan III. It was initially called Trinity Square after the Trinity Cathedral, which stood on the site of the later St. Basil’s Cathedral. The name by which we all know the square today originated much later, possibly as late as the 17th century.
Located on the site of the city’s old market place, Red Square served as Moscow’s meeting place for the people. It served as a place for celebrating church festivals, for public gatherings, hearing Government announcements and watching executions, the later becoming particularly commonplace during the reigns of Ivan the Terrible and Peter the Great and during the anarchic Time of Troubles in the early 17th century. Occasionally the Tsar himself would address the people from a platform on the square, named Lobnoye Mesto.
It was also used for various public ceremonies and proclamations, and occasionally as the site of coronation for Russia’s czars. The square has been gradually built up since that point and has been used for official ceremonies by all Russian governments since it was established.
During the Soviet era, Red Square maintained its significance, becoming a focal point for the new state. Besides being the official address of the Soviet government, it was renowned as a showcase for military parades.
Today, Red Square is a popular attraction for both Russian and foreign visitors alike. It provides plenty of photographic opportunities, while the area between St. Basil’s and the Moscow River is often used for rock and pop concerts.