Situated between the Schuylkill and Delaware rivers, just across from Camden, New Jersey, Philadelphia is the largest city in Pennsylvania and the fifth largest city in the United States.
The birthplace of the United States and the nation’s original capital (1790 – 1800), the city was founded in 1682 by an Englishman, a member of the Religious Society of Friends, William Penn, who created the colony to a “holy experiment” – land of tolerance and religious freedom. Many settlers came here persecuted. Penn named the city with the Greek phrase “brotherly love. “
In the late nineteenth century, Philadelphia was known as the “Workshop of America “, as cotton mills, and textile manufacturing factories with steam-based machines have led the country to the Industrial Revolution.
Today, health care, medical education (one-sixth of American doctors are preparing here) and service industries such as tourism, finance and insurance and legal services are the vector of country’s economy. The high-techindustries such as medical and electrical components, is increasing.
Many of the most famous attractions of the city and the country is in the center: Independence Historical National Park, the Liberty Bell, Independence Hall (where in 1776 was signed the Declaration of Independence) and Constitution Center, honoring States Constitution U.S.
Colonial Philadelphia was also the home of a great statesman, Benjamin Franklin, founder of the first hospital in the country, and the first library, fire brigade and the university.
In addition to places full of history, “Philly, ” as locals call it, also has cultural and artistic pursuits, with a renowned orchestra, world-class museums and excellent restaurants. Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts is the shining jewel of the city’s artistic crown.
Over 100 multi-ethnic neighborhoods give the city a vibrant atmosphere, from the flickering Italian market to African American festivals and jazz clubs and blues to traditional Amish communities that sell products and foodstuffs in Reading Terminal Market.
City’s specific foods such as cheese steak, pretzels and “hoagies” (Italian bagel sandwiches with meat, cheese, lettuce, tomatoes, onions and a bit of oregano) reflect the wide range of traditions of the city.
Philadelphia is also a gateway for those going west into Pennsylvania Dutch colony, north to the Pocono Mountains, ski slopes and south-east peninsula Delaware and Atlantic beaches.
Thanks to William Penn, the network logic facilitates more movement through the city streets. Central area is called Central City. Square Stradale main arteries that go east-west on Broad Street north and south meet in the center, the primers, forming four turrets around the hall.
The weather can be changeable, with small amounts of rainfall throughout the year. Summers are warm with occasional heat waves. Winters can be cold and snowy.
By 1987 William Penn statue, symbol of the city, perched atop City Hall was the city’s tallest structure. While Penn still enjoys a wide panorama, lifting Liberty One office building gave the city a wider view, for the XXI century.