Mount Hood also called Wy’east by the Multnomah tribe, is a stratovolcano and Oregon‘s highest point visible from a hundred miles away . Mt Hood is located about 50 miles (80 km) away from Portland and is part of the Mount Hood National Forest, which has 1.067 million acres (1667 sq mi/4318 km²) and more than 1,200 miles (1,900 km) of hiking trails.
Mt Hood Eruptions
Mount Hood has a long history of eruptions and remains a potential hazard .The eroded volcano has had at least four major eruptive periods during the past 15,000 years.The last three eruptions at Mount Hood occurred within the past 1,800 years . The last eruptive period took place around 170 to 220 years ago when major explosive eruptions took place and ended shortly before the arrival of Lewis and Clark in 1805 .
Mount Hood is Oregon’s highest peak, and the fourth highest peak in the Cascades with 11,245 feet (3,426 meters) . The peak is home to twelve glaciers. Though unlikely, Mount Hood is considered the Oregon volcano most likely to erupt .
Glaciers and snowfields cover about 80 percent of the mountain above the 6,900-foot (2,100 m) level. The glaciers have lost an average of 34% over the 20th century . Mount Hood features twelve glaciers the most visited being Palmer Glacier and one of the most popular climbing route. The glaciers are almost exclusively above the 6,000-foot (1,800 m) level, which also is about the average tree line elevation on Mount Hood.
Eliot Glacier is the largest glacier by volume at 73,000 acre feet (0.090 km3), and has the thickest depth at 361 feet (110 m). The largest glacier by surface area is the Coe-Ladd Glacier system at 531 acres (2.15 km2).
Mount Hood Climb
Aproximatelly 10,000 people attempt to climb Mount Hood each year making it one of the most climbed glaciated peaks in North America. Its relatively low altitude , easy approach, and short hiking / climbing distance , makes it much more popular among less experienced climbers. Skiers can descend directly from the summit and dogs are allowed and frequently make it to the summit.
The most popular route, begins at Timberline Lodge , a National Historic Landmark , and proceeds up Palmer glacier to Crater Rock and cross Coalman glacier on the Hogsback .The Timberline Trail, build in 1930 is a 40.7-mile (65.5 km) hike snow-free from late July till autumn. An ice axe , crampons and climbing helmets should be considered mandatory for most climbers.
Things to do
Visitors can enjoy fishing, camping, boating and hiking in the summer, hunting in the fall, and skiing and other snow sports in the winter.Some popular destinations that offer rewarding visits are Timberline Lodge, built in 1937 high on Mt. Hood, Lost Lake, Trillium Lake, Timothy Lake, Rock Creek Reservoir and portions of the Old Oregon Trail, including Barlow Road.
The mountain has six ski areas: Timberline, Mount Hood Meadows, Ski Bowl, Cooper Spur, Snow Bunny, and Summit. They total over 4,600 acres (7.2 sq mi; 18.6 km2) of skiable terrain. Mt Hood offers North America’s longest ski season and Mt. Hood Ski Bowl, which offers the country’s largest night skiing area.