Modern architecture, glass, building materials, geometric buildings and tech … come out every day in our way and it seems somewhat natural for them to be there. Their role is to remind us daily what century we are, but too little is a matter of inspiration for us. Maybe things will be different for future generations, as we sometimes we sigh in secret after the magnificent old buildings that reflect the culture and traditions so well in ages that have been raised.
We like to see them, admire them, photograph them, but most of all we are inside their imagination in an exercise designed to carry us to the dimensions of time lost. We propose a list of just some of the most spectacular castles of the world.
Potala Palace, Tibet
High Marpo Ri hill, 130 meters above the Lhasa Valley, Potala Palace has its own height of 170 meters, becoming the most spectacular building of Tibet. In 637, emperor Songtsen Gampo decided to build a palace on this hill, and the structure remained unchanged until the seventeenth century, when it was incorporated into the foundations of the grandiose buildings that we admire today.
Closure of the present palace began in 1645 during the reign of the fifth Dalai Lama. Three years later, White Castle or Potrang Karpo was already completed. Between 1690 and 1694 was added Potrang Marpo, or Red Castle. To have gone through, this ambitious project required the work of over 7000 workers and 1500 artists and craftsman.
Potala Palace was slightly damaged during the Tibetan resistance against Chinese offensive in 1959. Unlike other Tibetan religious structures, the palace escaped by a miracle the destructive policy of the Chinese army. Because of this omission or lenient, one of the most magnificent buildings of mankind is to be found since the height of Marpo Ri hill.
Mont Saint- Michel, France
Mont Saint-Michel is, in fact, a medieval castle built on a small island on the Norman coast, near Great Britain. Only a narrow causeway, built in 1880, more sure about the coast. Tourists who want to get on the island must now rush to cross the road, as there were few situations when the visitors were literally sweep the waves.
Unlike other castles in France which started in the “career” playing the role of defensive structures or sites dedicated to art, Mont St. Michel was built to serve religious purposes, namely as a monastery. Today, the castle attracts four million visitors per year, far more than most French castles.
Predjamski Castle, Slovenia
Although every castle in the world is unique and no one resembles another, some of them, the fates (read manufacturers) have done to the “birth” a very special destiny. This is the case Predjamski castle in Slovenia, which gained fame because it is integrated into a cave, more specifically, in the second largest cave system in Slovenia. Translation of its name is more than eloquent: Castle in front of the cave.
The first mentions the construction dates from the thirteenth century, although it is believed that the left wing was built sometime in the first half of the twelfth century. The middle part was added in the Renaissance and the right wing was completed around 1570. Some outbuildings were subsequently added or changed later, but in 1990 he began an intensive program of renovation that aims to restore the castle image it had in the sixteenth century.
Neuschwanstein Castle, Germany
The most popular of the three castles built in honor of Louis II of Bavaria, Neuschwanstein was built in the middle of the Bavarian Alps of Germany’s current territory. Construction was started in 1869, but abandoned after the king’s death in 1886. In a fantastical imitation of a medieval castle, Neuschwanstein is rather an embodiment of nineteenth-century Romanticism. In that time, any construction work involved a tremendous grand, therefore nothing could be left to chance.
The castle was built on a plan developed, which included the fitting of various utilities and revolutionary for its time: toilets equipped with an automatic drawing of water for each floor or a hot air heating system throughout the building. Such an architectural style was not as not to attract the attention of generations of artists. Sleeping Beauty Castle from Disneyland in the U.S. is even inspired by Neuschwanstein.
Matsumoto Castle, Japan
Known locally under the name of Matsumotojo, the building that reflects the local culture so well, and is simultaneously one of the most beautiful castles in Japan. Matsumotojo successfully illustrates what is called hirajiro, a building erected on a plain, instead of a hill or mountain.
Castle and two towers were built between 1592 and 1614, benefiting from a complex system of defense, especially as they were still far from peaceful times in that period. In 1635, when military threat no longer exists, has been added a third tower, smaller, used for astronomical observations monthly. The castle has kept the interiors of wood and stone exterior works in their original form in the sixteenth century.