Museum of Modern Art also known as MoMA , located in New York City , is one of the most important museum of modern art in the world. It’s also one of the oldest and largest nonprofit contemporary art institutions in the United States devoting its energy and resources to displaying the most experimental art in the world .
The idea for The Museum of Modern Art was developed in 1928 by Abby Aldrich Rockefeller wife of John D. Rockefeller Jr. The first modern art museum opened to the public on November 7, 1929, just a few days after the Wall Street Crash in 1929. At the time, it was America’s premier museum devoted exclusively to modern art, and the first of its kind in Manhattan to exhibit European modernism. A few months later, the tiny museum was already achieving notoriety, loaning very notable contemporary works, including paintings by van Gogh, Gauguin, Cezanne
The museum gained international prominence with the successful exhibitions held by Vincent van Gogh in 1935 and Picasso retrospective in 1939, held in conjunction with the Art Institute of Chicago. David Rockefeller joined the museum’s board of trustees, in 1948, and took over the presidency when Nelson took up position as Governor of New York in 1958.
Throughout the 40s and 50s the museum’s collection grew exponentially and today is home to aproximatelly 150,000 pieces including works of architecture and design, drawings, paintings, sculpture, photographs, prints, illustrated books, film, and electronic media. The library and archives holds another 300,000 items.
The museum was expanded in 2004, making it twice as large as before. The renovated building now features 6 floors with exhibitions. The ground floor gives access to the sculpture garden, a peaceful enclosed garden surrounded by Midtown’s highrises.
The museum’s collection offers an unparalleled overview in modern and contemporary art, including works of architecture and design, drawings, painting, sculpture, photography, prints, illustrated books and artist’s books, film, and electronic media. MoMA’s library and archives hold over 300,000 books, artist books, and periodicals, as well as individual files on more than 70,000 artists. The archives contain primary source material related to the history of modern and contemporary art.
Some of the museum’s top works of art include Monet’s Water Lilies, van Gogh’s Starry Night, Dali’s Persistence of Time, Andy Warhol’s Gold Marilyn . Other notable artists whose works are included in the collection are Rousseau, Matisse, Cezanne, Picasso, Pollock, Kahlo, Mondriaan, Léger, and Lichtenstein.