Iguazu Falls, located on the border of the Brazilian State of Paraná and the Argentine Province of Misiones, offers one of the most unique sights in the world .
The falls are shared by the Iguazú National Park (Argentina) and Iguaçu National Park (Brazil). Catwalks are built on both sides providing closer (often times mistier and wetter) views of the great waterfall. These parks were designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1984 .
Iguazu Falls origins
Iguazu Falls originated 200 thousand years ago in the place that is known today as “the 3 frontiers” marked with stone pillars, where the Iguassu river and the Paraná river meet. A geological fault produced on the Paraná river made the outlet of the Iguassu river become an abrupt cascade approximately 80 meters high.
From that point, where the falls originate to where the Devil’s Throat is located today, covers 23 kilometers. This is due to the slow process of erosion, however the steep drop which defines them as waterfalls remains.
On the Brazilian side there is a long walkway along the canyon with an extension to the lower base of the
The Argentine access is facilitated by the Rainforest Ecological Train, which brings visitors to different walkways. The Paseo Garganta del Diablo is a one-kilometer-long trail that brings the visitor directly over the falls of the Devil’s Throat. Other walkways allow access to the elongated stretch of falls on the Argentine side and to the ferry that connects to San Martin island.
Upon seeing Iguazu, the United States’ First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt reportedly exclaimed “Poor Niagara!” Iguazu is also often compared with Southern Africa’s Victoria Falls which separates Zambia and Zimbabwe. Iguazu is wider, but because it is split into about 270 discrete falls and large islands, Victoria is the largest curtain of water in the world . With the flooding of the Guaíra Falls in 1982, Iguazu currently has the second greatest average annual flow of any waterfall in the world, after Niagara, with an average rate of 1746 m³/s.
The best time to visit these waterfalls is the rainy season when the amount of water is really very high (about 450,000 cubic feets). You can enjoy boat surfing as well as other water adventures in these grand waterfalls. There are five chief tracks for the tourists to enjoy the pleasant walk in the midst of these waterfalls and gaze at its beauty from all the directions. Circuito Superior is one of the major walking tracks which provide the exotic view of the upper hemisphere of these falls. Circuito Inferior is also one of the chief walking tracks for the tourists. It is pretty long in length and it is sited near the bottom end of these falls. You can enjoy and peep into the gigantic devils mouth where these waterfalls submerge.
Indeed there are many ways to experience the falls. If the timing’s right, you could even do special tours of the falls by moonlight . Iguazu Falls it’s a place you can’t miss because these falls offers one of the most spectacular natural beauty in the world.
An unforgetable experience and a spectacle of nature, the falls are considered a wonder of the world.