The Empire State , National Historic Landmark is a 102-story skyscraper in New York City at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street in Midtown, Manhattan. The building was designed by Shreve , Lamb & Harmon Associates and built in 1931
It stood as the world’s tallest building for more than 40 years, from its completion in 1931 until construction of the World Trade Center’s North Tower was completed in 1972. Following the destruction of the World Trade Center in 2001, the Empire State Building again became the tallest building in NYC.
It was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1986. In 2007, it was ranked number one on the List of America’s Favorite Architecture according to the AIA.
The Empire State Building is currently the third tallest skyscraper in the United States (after the Willis Tower and Trump International Hotel and Tower, both in Chicago), and the 15th tallest in the world. It is also the fourth tallest freestanding structure in the USA. The Empire State Building is currently undergoing a $550 million renovation, with $120 million utilized in an effort to transform the building into a more energy efficient and eco-friendly structure.
- Its construction was hurried to completion, in order to take the title of “world’s tallest building” from the Chrysler Building.
- The building rises to 1,250 feet or 381 m at the 102nd floor. A broadcasting tower added in the 1950s brings the total height to 1,455 feet or 443.5 m.
- The Empire State Building was officially opened on May 1, 1931. Much of the office space went unrented until the 1940s. This lack of inhabitance earned it the nickname “Empty State Building” in its early years.
- A public observatory at the top of the building offers impressive views of the city, and is a popular tourist destination.
- In 1945, a B-25 bomber accidentally crashed into the north side between the 79th and 80th floors, where the offices of the National Catholic Welfare Council were located. The buiding was not destroyed and the fire was extinguished in 40 minutes. In the accident 14 people were killed.
Without warning, in 1994, French urban climber, Alain “Spiderman” Robert, using only his bare hands and feet and with no safety devices of any kind, scaled the building’s exterior wall all the way to the top.
Empire State in movies
Perhaps the most famous popular culture representation of the building is in the 1933 film King Kong, in which the title character, a giant ape, climbs to the top to escape his captors, and eventually dies by falling off of it.
Empire State appears in a lot of movies one of them is The Independence Day, in which the building is destroyed by a gigantic alien ship.