Devils Tower is America’s first national monument, created by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1906. Devil’s Toweris , located in the Black Hills in Crook County, Wyoming ,is an extraordinary natural monument and a landmark visible from many miles away. The monolithic igneous intrusion or volcanic neck rises 1,267 feet (386 m) above the surrounding terrain with the summit at 5,112 feet (1,558 m) above sea level.
Devils Tower legend
The legend says that a giant bear was pursuing two children when suddenly the land on which the children were standing was thrust up into the air, out of the bear’s reach . The grooves in the crag were made by the bear’s claws as it scrabbled at the rock to get the children.
Geologists agree that Devils Tower was formed by the intrusion of igneous material. What they cannot agree upon is how, exactly, that process took place. Geologists Carpenter and Russell studied Devils Tower in the late 19th century and came to the conclusion that the Tower was indeed formed by an igneous intrusion . Several geologists believe the molten rock comprising the Tower might not have surfaced. Other researchers are convinced the tower is all that remains of what once was a large explosive volcano.
The climate is usually mild and typical of the Black Hills region. High temperatures can range from the mid 90s in the summer to the 50s in the spring & fall. Winters can be cold with extended periods of below zero temperatures possible.
Devils Tower evokes a powerful sense of wonder, attracting people for centuries. From the earliest native peoples to local ranchers, the Tower has always been a gathering place, a place of community, a place of refuge.
Today, the Tower continues to draw a lot of visitors each year. It is a place to enjoy nature by walking the trails and looking for wildlife. American Indian people come because the Devils Tower is a sacred place for them. Photographers, painters, musicians and writers come to be inspired. Climbers arrive from around the world to scale its large columns . More than 400,000 tourists visit American’s first national monument annually from which 1% also climb it mostly through traditional climbing techniques.