Detroit is the largest city in the U.S. state of Michigan, located near the border with Canada in the mid-west region of the United States of America. Founded in 1701 by the French fur hunters, is today a major port on the Detroit River. It is famous worldwide as the industry’s traditional automotive center and a place of historical importance in the development of pop music and disco, and those details reflected the city’s two nicknames, “Motor City” and “Motown. “ Detroit was also known as the “Paris of the West”. The city comes from the Detroit River (in French: “Rivière du Détroit,” translated as, “river of strait”). The name alludes to the connection it makes between St. Clair and Erie lakes.
In 2005, Detroit was ranked 11th in population among U.S. cities with 886,675 inhabitants, this number represents less than half of the maximum number of inhabitants in 1950, Detroit is today among U.S. cities with the fastest population decline urban in the last 50 years. Detroit metropolitan area population (town with the suburbs) is 4,488,335 inhabitants, according to the 2005 census.
History of Detroit, Michigan
Detroit was founded in 1701 by Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac. At first, the small settlement was intended to facilitate trade between the French and Indian Chippewa tribe, Ontario region. In the first century of existence, the metropolis of today grew surprisingly slowly. After the fire that almost completely destroyed the settlement, local authorities have used the opportunity to rebuild a city from scratch.
Modern infrastructure and port for those times have been very active as various manufacturing and trading centers to establish their headquarters in Detroit, which acquired the nickname “gateway to the north-west. “
Economy of Detroit, Michigan
The biggest automotive corporations of the world automotive have their headqarters : Ford, Chrysler, General Motors, which also determined the development of other industries (metallurgy, chemistry, machine building tools).
In no other metropolis in the world automotive industry has not a big a influence on the lives of its inhabitants as in Detroit: here, the roads were marked with white paint first, here were first traffic lights and everything here has been dug first underwater tunnel forcars. This was due poinierat industry that has transformed the city in the world capitalof car production since a hundred years ago. In Detroit he established two industrialgiants of global importance: General Motors (which includes, among others, theGerman firm Opel) and Ford. The third power in this industry is Chrysler.
Its car industry is deeply indebted to Henry Ford, who in 1903 founded his firstcompany in Detroit. From the beginning, his factory has achieved great success in the market. By 1927, have been produced 15 million cars from the Ford Model T.
Henry Ford was a tireless inventor: in his factory was first used by an assembly line.Thanks to its findings, the industrial revolution could be speeded up, and Ford factoryworkers had the highest wages in the United States because of talent and intelligencechief. Since 1914, they benefited from an eight-hour day. The increasing number ofworkers employed by the city provided car factories huge financial resources fromtaxes, because that Detroit could develop rapidly in the first half of the twentiethsecolilui. Henry Ford also established a foundation that financially supports the construction of public interest objectives, especially hospitals, schools and universities