Crater Lake is the deepest lake in the United States and the seventh deepest in the world with a depth of 1949 feet (594 m) . Crater Lake , located in the Cascade Mountains of Oregon , is a caldera lake . It contains a prominent island known as Wizard Island, which was formed during the eruption over 7,000 years ago. A smaller island is called the Phantom Ship.
The lake is 5 by 6 miles (8 by 10 km) across with an average depth of 1,148 feet (350 m). The water of Crater Lake is some of the clearest fresh water found anywhere in the world. The lake partly fills a nearly 2,148 foot (655 m) deep caldera that was formed when volcano Mount Mazama collapsed . The highest point in Crater Lake National Park is Mt. Scott at 8,929 feet (2,722 m).
Old Man of the Lake a log that has been floating upright in the lake for more than 100 years and stayed well preserved due to the cold weather . Wind currents enable the Old Man to travel to different locations around the lake.
Crater Lake creation
Crater Lake was formed around 4680 BC when the volcanic Mount Mazama blew its top in spectacular fashion. The eruption, estimated to have been 42 times more powerful than Mt. St. Helens’ 1980 blast, reduced Mazama’s approximate 11,000 foot height by around half a mile.
The mountain peak feel into the volcano’s partially emptied neck and magma chamber, and Crater Lake was formed in the new crater.
Things to do
There are many things to do in Crater Lake National Park in addition to admiring the beautiful scenery and the lake. Day hikes, fishing and scuba diving are among the most popular activities .
There are many hiking trails inside Crater Lake National Park and several campgrounds. Unlicensed fishing is allowed without any limitation of size, species, or number. Swimming is also allowed in Crater Lake . There are boat tours, which stop at Wizard Island that operate daily during the summer.
Numerous observation points along the caldera rim for the lake are readily accessible by automobile via the “Rim Drive”, which is 33 miles (53 km) long and has an elevation gain of 3,800 feet (1,200 m). The scenery of Crater Lake is fully accessible during the summer months. Heavy snowfalls in this park during the winter and early spring months force many road and trail closures, including the popular Rim Drive .
We strongly recommend nature lovers to visit the Crater Lake , the deepest lake in the United States .