Costa Rica has long become one of the most attractive touristic destinations in Latin America and Caribbean. Over one million tourists visit this country every year because of the many attractions, but also by the natural wonders or isolation from the crowd. On this territory are dozens of wildlife preserves and a biological diversity which includes landscapes, fauna and unprecedented flora.
The nearly five million inhabitants of this country have an average lifespan of 78 years, and the capital, San Jose, is one of the Latin America’s cities with the highest level of quality of life.
The lands of this country have been explored by Christopher Columbus, at that time the country was populated about only 400,000 Indians. In 1524 begins the Spanish conquest, who was rebuffed in the form of provincial administration. Costa Rica achieved independence in 1821, after which it is absorbed for two years by the Mexian Empire. In 1848 becomes a republic and then knows (except the military dictatorship of Tomás Guardia 1870-1882) till now, one of the most democratic government of Latin America.
In 1987, the President, Oscar Arias Sanchez, receives the Nobel Prize for Peace, because of involvement in civil wars in Nicaragua and El Salvador. The country is also remarkable by exports of coffee, bananas or beef, but especially for tourism.
Very important in this country, is the gastronomy. The food is simple, but consistent. The most important food are: “Gallo Pinto” – a mixture of rice, beans, cilantro and onion and “Casado” – a preparation of rice, beans, meat or fish, served with salad and grilled plantain bananas.
- Capital San Jose area with a specific architecture, which includes places and objects, such as: “Teatro Nacional”, Legislative Assembly Building, the Metropolitan Cathedral, National Museum or the Pre-Columbian Gold Museum.
- The Cartago City (the first capital in 1563) with the Basilica, Colonial Church and tours of Orosi Valley.
- The active volcano Arenal, whose lava can be seen during nights with clear skies.
- Liberia historical center, with important buildings in the Calle Real zone.
- Centro Neotropico Sapapiqui from Northern Lowlands – a superb museum that presenting the Indigenous culture by examples of pottery, weapons, clothing, artifacts or even videos.
- Zoo Ave – with animals, creatures and rare birds, unique, specific or unusual, including: jaguar, tapir, snakes or parrots.
- Tortuguero National Park, which can be explored by boat – it is a tropical forest, disposed on several levels and ecosystems. Here live a lot of animals and birds, among which stands out lazy, especially monkeys and turtles.
- Manuel Antonio National Park – probably the most visited attractions.
- Drake Bay and Corcovado National Park – an area of ecotourism.
- Rincón de la Vieja Volcano – the area around the volcano with waterfalls and hot springs or mud volcanoes.
- Cahuita National Park – a park of coral.
- Greece and Sarchi cities – towns near the capital, located on the mountain, representative for arts and Tico culture.
To these special attractions we can add the beautiful beaches, that stretch for miles of yellow sandy, embroidered with palm trees and tropical forests. Most notable of these are: Guanacaste – Avellanas, Azul, Gigante, Papagayo, Potrero, Santa Elena, Barigona, Bejuco, Branca, Brasilito, Bist Buena, Puntarenas – Baru, Cabuya, Carmen, Cocalito, Montezuma, Malpais, Santa Teresa ; Limon – Puerto Viejo, Cahuita, Bonita, Boca En Matina.
For surfers, Costa Rica is a paradise. Tamarindo and Langosta are two ideal beaches for professional surfers, and Jaco and Hermosa beaches are for beginner surfers.
Between December and April, the climate is dry and the rest of the year is wet. But it differs depending on altitude.
A week in this paradise can start from a few hundred dollars per person and may even exceed the sum of $10,000. Among the famous hotels we can include: JW Marriott Guancaste, Intercontinental, Saint Jose Palacio Barcelo Playa Tambor, Playa Langosta Barcelo, Barcelo Palma.