Central Park located in the center of Manhattan , New York City was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1963. The park initially opened in 1857, on 770 acres (3.1 km2) of city-owned land.
Central Park was designed by landscape designer and writer Frederick Law Olmsted and the English architect Calvert Vaux in 1858 after winning a design competition. They also designed Brooklyn’s Prospect Park.
The park, which receives approximately twenty-five million visitors annually, is the most visited urban park in the United States. It was opened on 770 acres (3.1 km2) of city-owned land and was expanded to 843 acres (3.41 km2; 1.317 sq mi). It is 2.5 miles (4 km) long between 59th Street (Central Park South) and 110th Street (Central Park North), and is 0.5 miles (0.8 km) wide between Fifth Avenue and Central Park West.
The park is currently managed by the Central Park Conservancy under contract with the city government. The Conservancy is a nonprofit organization that contributes 85% of Central Park’s $25 million dollar annual budget, and employs 80% of the park’s maintenance staff.
Central Park Activities
- Birding. A wooded section of the park called “The Ramble” is popular among birders. Many species of woodland birds, especially warblers, may be seen in The Ramble in Spring and Fall.
- Boating: Rowboats and kayaks are rented on an hourly basis at the Loeb Boathouse, which also houses a restaurant overlooking the Lake.
- Carriage horses
- Pedicabs . Covering three to ten times the distance of a typical Central Park horse carriage ride, pedicabs have become very popular with visitors and New Yorkers alike in the last five years.
- Sports. Park Drive, just over 6 miles (9.7 km) long, is a haven for runners, joggers, bicyclists, and inline skaters. Most weekends, races take place in the park.
- Ice Skating . Central Park has two
ice skating rinks, Wollman Rink and Lasker Rink, which converts to an outdoor swimming pool in summer.
- Central Park Carousel. The current carousel, installed in 1951, is one of the largest merry-go-rounds in the United States.
- Playgrounds. Central Park has twenty-one playgrounds for children located throughout the park
- Entertainment. Summerstage features free musical concerts throughout the summer. Each summer, the Public Theater presents free open-air theater productions, often starring well-known stage and screen actors.
Central Park , as the major site of recreation, hosts millions of visitors yearly engaging in such activities as roller blading, joggling , bicycling , watching free performances of Shakespeare in the Park, or just relaxing and sunbathing in the nature.