Bali located in the western end of the Lesser Sunda Islands, between Java and Lombok , is an Indonesian island and one of the country’s 33 provinces with the capital at Denpasar.
With a population recorded as 3,551,000 in 2009, Bali is also one of the most popular tourist destination in the world and well known for developed arts, including dance, sculpture, painting, leather, metalworking, and music. Life in Bali is always related to “Tri Hita Karana” that includes spiritual harmony between human , God and nature .
East to west, the island is approximately 153 km (95 mi) wide and spans approximately 112 km (69 mi) north to south with its land area of 5,632 km².Bali’s central mountains include several peaks over 2,000 metres. The highest is Mount Agung (3,142 m), known as the “mother mountain” which is an active volcano. Mountains range from centre to the eastern side, with Mount Agung the easternmost peak.
The island is surrounded by coral reefs. Beaches in the south tend to have white sand while those in the north and west have black sand.
With sunshine shining throughout the year, Bali has a tropical monsoon climate, with pleasant day temperatures between 20 to 33 degrees Celsius or 68 to 93 degrees Fahrenheit. Rainy season starts from October to March, when the West monsoon brings heavy showers and high humidity. June to September is considered the driest season.
Something unique can be found about climate in Bali. Even when it rains most times in the most parts of Bali you can often enjoy sunny days on the “Bukit”, the hill south of Jimbaran. On the other hand, you may expect cloudy skies and drips throughout the year in Ubud and the mountainous areas. Most interestingly perhaps, the international weather reports for “Denpasar” or “Bali” mention showers and rain storms all times of the year. In higher regions such as in Bedugul or Kintamani you’ll expect to wear either a sweater or jacket when evening falls.
Just like common tropical islands, in Bali you will find a wide variety of plants by surprise. Huge banyan trees are everywhere in the villages by the Bale banjar or pavilion, or temples ground. Tamarind is also a typical Balinese tree mostly found in the north coast, as well as clove at the highlands. Meanwhile acacia, flame tree and mangrove can be found along the south coastlines. Craft and house use basketries, a dozen species of coconut palms and varieties of bamboos are also everywhere across the island.
Bali Island Tourism
Tourism is now the largest single industry and as a result, Bali is one of Indonesia’s wealthiest regions. About 80% of Bali’s economy depends on tourism . The tourism industry is overwhelmingly focused in the south, while significant in the other parts of the island as well. The main tourist locations are the town of Kuta and its outer suburbs . Other important tourist attractions are in Sanur , Ubud , Jimbaran or Nusa Dua.
Interestingly, Balinese culture is still as what it was, growing along with the globalization. It is the Balinese civilization what makes the island different from other destination. Bali is the most commercial place in the entire Indonesia as it attracts a lot of tourists because it is known for its beautiful rice terraces, temples, arts, dance, painting, leather and music. Bali is said to be a place that is full of fun, enjoyment and is famous for its mysterious past. Tourists from all over the world travel to this part of the world to see it culture, natural beauty, art and paintings. If you are thinking of taking a break and going in vacation, then Bali Island is a destination you must not forget to put your list .