Acadia National Park (ANP) , located on the coast of Maine near the Canadian peninsula of Nova Scotia , is one of the most visited nature reserves in the United States .
It is a region of rocky coasts, forests with clear rivers, streams and lakes, and rolling hills, offering ideal conditions for a variety of sports and leisure activities both in summer and in winter.
The core of the National Park is the hilly Mount Desert Island, on the east coast of which is the chief town, Bar Harbor. Particularly attractive are the Otter Cliffs and Otter Point, where a varied Arctic flora can be studied and numbers of birds (cormorants, seagulls) can be observed. There is a beautiful drive round the National Park on the Park Loop (28 miles).
Originally created as Lafayette National Park in 1919, the first National Park East of the Mississippi, it was renamed Acadia in 1929.
Acadia’s weather is largely a product of latitude and marine influences. On a daily and annual basis, Mount Desert Island temperatures are more moderate than those of inland Maine. The Maine coastal climate has been ranked second only to the Pacific Northwest in annual precipitation. This moisture occurs in every form at Acadia. Ice storms are regular in winter and early spring, and rain is frequent in every month. Fog is common during June, July, and August.
The Park Loop road is closed in the winter due to snow, as is the Cadillac Mountain Road which leads to the summit of Cadillac Mountain.
The park is home to some 40 different species of mammalian wildlife. Among these are red and gray squirrels, chipmunks, white-tailed deer, moose, beaver , porcupine, muskrats, foxes, coyote, bobcats, and black bears. Many other marine species have been observed in the surrounding area and waters.
Species that used to inhabit the island include the mountain lion and the gray wolf. It is thought that these predators have been forced to leave the area due to the dramatic decrease in small prey and proximity to human activity.
Things To Do
Here are couple of suggestions of activities visitors can do in Acadia National Park:
- Explore the park’s scenic 45-mile carriage road system on a bike or horse-drawn carriage tour.
- Hike through forests and up mountains on 125 miles of historic hiking trails.
- Visit the west side of Mount Desert Island, including stops at the Bass Harbor Head Lighthouse, Carroll Homestead guided trail, and the Ship Harbor or Wonderland trails.
- Take one of our ranger-narrated boat cruises to learn about sea life, island history, and more. Other ranger-led walks, talks, hikes, and amphitheater programs are available daily from late May to early October.
- Have tea and popovers at the Jordan Pond House, a tradition for more than a century.
More than two million visitors chose each year as a holiday destination Acadia National Park . With many different facilities and attractions in the park, there is something to interest everyone.